Shadow effect

State Pre-Kindergarten Programs

National Assessment of Educational Progress (2015 Report Results)

Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge Grant Background

Federal Budget Issues

Source: Division H- FY2016 Departments of Labor, HHS and Education and Related Agencies, contained in the Consolidated Appropriations Act of FY2016.

Note: *With regard to the Head Start increase of $576 million, $429 million of that funding goes for competitive expansions to full day programs ($294 million) and an increase of $135 million for Early Head Start (including EHS/Child Care partnerships).

To read the House Majority Summary of the 2016 Consolidated Appropriations Act, click here. To read the House Democratic summary, click here.

Other Related Budget Background


The Protecting Americans From Tax Hikes Act of 2015

Another end of the year bill, The Protecting Americans From Tax Hikes Act of 2015, includes changes to the tax code which are estimated at losing about $623 billion over the next 10 years. Some of the provisions make sections of the current tax code permanent (instead of allowing them to expire), some make modifications, and some repeal some sections of the code.

FY2016 Federal Budget

2016 First Continuing Resolution (Expired December 9, 2016):

On September 28, two days before the end of the fiscal year, Congress approved a Continuing Resolution (CR) to continue federal funding through December 9, 2016 (P.L. 114-223). A 10 week CR was necessary because the fiscal year ended September 30th and Congress was scheduled to adjourn (i.e., recess through the November elections).  Funding was largely continued at FY2016 levels (a freeze) until final determinations can be made in December. Note: An across-the-board spending reduction of .5% was applied in order to keep spending below budget caps.

Joint Tax Committee Revenue Estimates

The latest on the Federal Budget:

FY2017 Continuing Resolution (PL114-254),  Expired April 28, 2017.  Congress adjourned in December 2016 without passing a full year continuing resolution (CR). Instead, a short-term continuing resolution funding the government through April 28, 2017 was enacted. In order to stay within budget caps enacted as part of the 2015 budget law, a .19% across the board cut was applied.

FY2017 Federal Budget

FY2017 Omnibus Appropriations Act (PL115-31) was enacted on May 4, 2017.

President Trump's Proposed Funding for Key Early Learning Programs Compared to FY2017 Omnibus Appropriations and FY2016 Funding is below.

FY2018 Senate Labor, HHS and Education Appropriations bill: On September 7, the Senate Appropriations Committee approved the FY2018 Senate Labor, HHS and Education Appropriations bill. For early learning programs, both the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) and Head Start were frozen at FY2017 funding levels. For more information, see the bill summary, the bill text, and the Committee report.

Operating Under a Continuing Resolution

 P.L. 115-120 was enacted to continue government operations from 1/22/18 – 2/8/18. P.L. 115-96 was enacted to continue government operations from 12/22/17 – 1/19/18. P.L. 115-90 was enacted to continue government operations from 12/8/17 – 12/22/17.  P.L. 115-56 was enacted to continue government operations from 9/8/17 – 12/8/17.